brief history of papua new guinea
A Short History of Papua New Guinea is a concise book describing the quick and steady growth of the many small, isolated and self-sufficient societies that made up the fledgeling British Papua and German New Guinea colonies towards the end of the last century. Papua New Guinea successfully hosted APEC in 2018, culminating in a Leaders’ Summit in November 2018 attended by Vice President Pence. After 1945, the renamed Papua New Guine… Most Melanesians were initially militarily neutral in the conflict, although they were used extensively on both sides as labourers, guides, carriers and informers – sometimes press-ganged by the Japanese and Australians. Papua New Guinea was originally known as Papua, a Malay word given by Portuguese explorer Jorge de Menezes, which means tightly curled hair characteristic of most of its inhabitants. 1699 Swashbuckling Englishman William Dampier charts the southeastern coasts of New Britain and New Ireland and discovers the Dampier Strait between the New Britain and the New Guinea mainland. 30,000 BC Papuan-speaking hunter-gatherers from New Guinea settle islands in the eastern Solomons before the sea levels rise with the end of the Ice Age in 10,000 BC. Johann Flierl. The first definite European sighting of the New Guinea island was in 1512, when Portuguese sailor Antonio d’Abreu sighted the coast. It includes the eastern half of New Guinea and many small offshore islands. Larry first arrived. 2007 Michael Somare (whose face appears on the K50 note) assumes the role of prime minister for the fourth time, capping nearly four decades in politics. These fast became the greatest contributors to the economy, but also social, environmental and political burdens that, in the 1980s and ’90s, took a heavy toll. The first inhabitants of the island New Guinea were Papuan, Melanesian, and Negrito tribes, who altogether spoke more than 700 distinct languages. In March 2002 the PNG government passed legislation that brought into effect autonomy arrangements of the Bougainville Peace Agreement (BPA), which guarantees a referendum for Bougainvillean independence by 2020. Portuguese traders introduced the sweet potato to New Guinea in the 18th century. Papua New Guinea : History Papua New Guinea is an island country that lies in the south-western Pacific. Mineral riches, however, did little to eradicate poverty, and indeed helped fuel resentment at Bougainville’s Panguna mine, leading to a bloody war on the island. Copra, rubber, coffee and cocoa were the main earners. 2014 March - Papua New Guinea's Supreme Court begins a human rights inquiry into Australia's immigration detention centre on Manus Island. History. 1994 Two of Rabaul’s volcanoes – Vulcan and Tavurvur – erupt, burying the prettiest town in the Pacific in volcanic ash; nearby Kokopo becomes the new capital of East New Britain. The high yield of sweet potatoes in cold climes allowed for the colonisation of still higher altitudes in the Highlands and the domestication of many more pigs. The southern half of eastern New Guinea was annexed by the Colony of Queensland in 1883 before the before the British New Guinea, a British protectorate, was proclaimed over the southern coast and nearby islands. Every year, 23 July is commemorated as Remembrance Day for the Papua New Guineans who died in WWII. In 1906 British New Guinea became the Territory of Papua and its administration was taken over by newly independent Australia. Papua New Guinea’s constitution was adopted in 1975 and has been amended frequently since then. June 2005 Peace at last returns to troubled Bougainville. Somare’s return causes a power struggle, leading to a failed pro-Somare coup in 2012. The discovery of large deposits of gold at Edie Creek and the Bulolo Valley in the 1920s brought men and wealth to the north coast. Sandalwood and bêche-de-mer (sea cucumber) traders brought iron and steel tools, calico and fish hooks, but ultimately it was treachery and resentment that they left. Evidence of early New Guinea coastal settlements includes 40,000-year-old stone axes found in Morobe Province. Many British, French and American explorers followed and from 1798 whalers sailed through the islands. 1999 Australian mining giant BHP admits to causing major environmental damage in the operation of the gold-and-copper Ok Tedi mine. People have inhabited the area for thousands of years and even today the country has over 850 different languages and cultures. Upon its invasion by Japan during the Pacific War in 1941, the country’s civil administration was suspended but was restored upon Japan’s surrender to United States forces in 1945. The prehistory of Papua New Guinea can be traced to about 60,000 years ago, when people first migrated towards the Australian continent. Known as ‘blackbirding’, men were carted off to provide plantation labour in northern Australia and Fiji. Long ago, an earthquake greeted Bro. They cultivated breadfruit, sago, coconuts, yams and sugar cane (which originated in New Guinea). Law and order became a more serious issue in the 1990s, when mineral-rich PNG began to develop large-scale mining operations. He instituted the policy of ‘government by patrol’, which continued through the Australian period. Instead, on that and nine subsequent expeditions over the next five years, Leahy, his brother Dan and Jim Taylor ‘discovered’ about a million people living in the secluded valleys of the New Guinea Highlands. 1790s The British explore the western part of the New Guinea mainland, while sandalwood and bêche-de-mer (sea cucumber) traders and whalers sail through the islands of New Guinea and the Solomons. The Autonomous Bougainville Government is sworn into office on 15 June 2005 with Joseph Kabui as its president. This video is a general presentation of PNG, in all its diversity and wealth. Etymology. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. What became known as the Sandline Affair was a disaster, but ironically the fall-out brought world attention to the conflict and forced the protagonists to find peaceful solutions. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. " It’s also the anniversary of the 1942 battle between the Papuan Infantry Battalion and the Japanese invaders that took place near the Kumusi River in Oro Province. Papua New Guinea is an independent Commonwealth nation that achieved independence on 16 September 1975 from the Australian-administered United Nations trusteeship. A visiting UN mission in 1962 stressed that if the people weren’t pushing for independence, then it was Australia’s responsibility to do so. Having raced south through Asia and the Pacific, the Japanese occupied Rabaul in New Guinea in January 1942. People lived in small villages on well-established tribal lands practising shifting cultivation, fishing and hunting. Around 9000 years ago, Papua New Guineans began cultivating local crops, becoming some of the world’s earliest farmers. God instilled the courage, Simbang Coast, 1886 the wisdom, the strength, and the perseverance into the life of Rev. The Melanesian experience of WWII caused a sharp resurgence in cargo cultism. Australia enacted legislation aimed at restricting the commercial exploitation of Eastern New Guinea to British nationals and, more particularly, Australians. The country's geography is diverse. Sir Michael Somare retained power for a third term as prime minister of PNG, promising electoral reform. Guide to Papua New Guinea ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. The British East India Company explored parts of western New Guinea in 1793 and even made a tentative claim on the island but in 1824 Britain and the Netherlands agreed the latter’s colonial claim to the western half of the New Guinea island should stand (and it did until 1963). , slave-trading and head-hunting the descendants of these people speak non-Austronesian ( or ). Barter economy, were quick to adapt to cash with them effect 1973. 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